Tuesday, 02 January 2024 00:00

Causes and Symptoms of a Bunion

A bunion, a common foot deformity, is characterized by the gradual misalignment of the joint at the base of the big toe. This condition results in the enlargement of the joint, causing the big toe to angle toward the other toes. Bunions can lead to discomfort and pain due to the increased pressure on the joint and the rubbing of shoes against the protruding bone. Symptoms often include redness, swelling, and tenderness at the affected site, accompanied by restricted movement of the big toe. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those with a narrow toe box, can exacerbate bunion development. Genetics also play a role, as certain foot structures and inherited tendencies can contribute to bunion formation. If you have a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can provide you with appropriate relief and treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Scott Amoss, DPM of Advanced Foot & Ankle Specialists. our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Whiting and Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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